Lateglacial and Holocene relative sea-level changes and first evidence for the Storegga tsunami in Sutherland, Scotland
|Title||Lateglacial and Holocene relative sea-level changes and first evidence for the Storegga tsunami in Sutherland, Scotland|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Long, AJ, Barlow, NLM, Dawson, S, Hill, J, Innes, JB, Kelham, C, Milne, FD, Dawson, A|
|Journal||Journal of Quaternary Science|
|Keywords||glacio-isostatic adjustment, relative sea level, storegga landslide, storegga tsunami, tsunami|
We reconstruct one of the longest relative sea-level (RSL) records in north-west Europe from the north coast of mainland Scotland, using data collected from three sites in Loch Eriboll (Sutherland) that we combine with other studies from the region. Following deglaciation, RSL fell from a Lateglacial highstand of +6−8 m OD (Ordnance Datum = ca. mean sea level) at ca. 15 k cal a BP to below present, then rose to an early Holocene highstand and remained at ca. +1 m OD between ca. 7 and 3 k cal a BP, before falling to present. We find no evidence for significant differential Holocene glacio-isostatic adjustment between sites on the north-west (Lochinver, Loch Laxford), north (Loch Eriboll) and north-east (Wick) coast of mainland Scotland. This suggests that the region was rapidly deglaciated and there was little difference in ice loads across the region. From one site at the head of Loch Eriboll we report the most westerly sedimentary evidence for the early Holocene Storegga tsunami on the Scottish mainland. The presence of the Storegga tsunami in Loch Eriboll is predicted by a tsunami wave model, which suggests that the tsunami impacted the entire north coast of Scotland and probably also the Atlantic coastline of north-west Scotland.